Anxiety, panic disorder, depression

Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Depression

A study of a breathing therapy for treatment of hyperventilation syndrome. Grossman. 1985

Benefits of mindfulness at work. Alberts. 2013

Breathing Pattern Disorders and Anxiety

Breathing retraining effect on anxiety and depression scores in breathlessness. Tweeddale

Breathing retraining, panic disorder with agoraphobia. Ruiter

Breathing therapy, anxiety, hyperventilation. Stegen 1996

Concentration of carbon dioxide, interstitial pH and synaptic transmission in hippocampal formation of the rat. Balestrino. 1988

Health features. 2005

Hyperventilation in panic disorder patients and healthy first degree relatives. Nardi. 2000

Hyperventilation in panic disorder. Ley. 1991

Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. Lazar. 2005

New breathing therapy reduces panic and anxiety by reversing hyperventilation. 2011

Panic disorder and the respiratory system_ clinical subtype and challenge tests. Freire. 2012

Panic disorder and the respiratory system_ clinical subtype and challenge tests. Freire. 2012

Relationship of orthostatic blood pressure – late-life depression . Colloby. 2011

Respiratory control – treatment for panic attacks. Clark. 1985

Respiratory Ventilation and CO2 Levels – depression. Mora. 1976

Some physical phenomena – anxiety states and hyperventilation. Kerr. 1937

Study results – a study of heart rate variability biofeedback for the treatment of major depression. Karavidas. 2007

Study shows how slow breathing induces tranquility. Krasnow. 2017

Suffocation and respiratory responses to carbon dioxide and breath holding-individuals with panic disorder. Rassovsky. 2006

The relaxation effect of prolonged expiratory breathing. Komori. 2018

The role of hyperventilation – hypocapnia in the pathomechanism of panic disorder. Sikter. 2007

The utility of prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing physiological and psychological arousal. Cappo. 1984

Triggering the false suffocation alarm in panic disorder patients. Asmundson. 1994

Understanding the Anxious Mind. Henig. 2009

Asthma & Cystic Fibrosis


A comparison between patients with dysfunctional breathing and patients with asthma. Hagman

Airway Cooling and Nocturnal Asthma. Chen

Airway cooling in asthmatic and non asthma. Griffin

Assessing the role of chronic hyperventilation in patients with nasal congestion. Hanna. 2012

Asthma and the unified airway. Krouse

Breathing exercises and asthma. M Thomas

Breathing exercises for asthma, a randomised controlled trial. McKinley

Breathing exercises for asthma. Thomas. 2014

Breathing Exercises for Asthma. Thomas. 2009

Breathing exercises for children with asthma (protocol). Maceédo

Breathing Re – Education in Asthma_ an Efficacious Adjunct. McKeown

Breathing retraining COPD. Casciari

Breathing Retraining Cystic Fibrosis. Delk

Breathing therapies and bronchodilator use in asthma. Bruton. 2006

British Guideline on the Management of Asthma. 2003

Bruton et al Thorax 2006 Editorial Breathing therapies Asthma

Changes in pCO2, Symptoms, and Lung Function of Asthma Patients During Capnometry-assisted Breathing Training. Ritz. 2009

Cold induced responses upper respiratory tract. Latvala. 1995

Cough Variant Asthma Responsive Postural Restoration. Coughlin. 2005

Does interval hypoxic training affect lung function in asthma. 2002

Effect of mouth taping at night on asthma control – a randomised single – blind crossover study. Cooper. 2009

Effects of breathing retraining in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Casciari. 1981

Effects of controlled inspiratory muscle training in patients with COPD. Lotters. 2002

Enright Respiratiry Muscle Training Cystic Fibrosis. Enright. 2004

Failure of Resistive Breathing Training to Improve Pulmonary Function Tests in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Ambrosino. 1984

Global Initiative for Asthma 2014 Report

Hyperventilation and asthma. Moragón. 2005

Hyperventilation and asthma. Osbourne. 2000

Hyperventilation Syndrome and Asthma. Demeter. 1986

Hypocapnia and Asthma Hypothesis. Bruton. Chest. 2005

Hypocapnia and Asthma. Bruton. 2015

IMT – patients with bronchial_asthma. Weiner. 1992

Integrated breathing and relaxation training for adults with asthma in primary care. Holloway. 2007

Interval hypoxic training COPD. Haider. 2009

Is asthma over diagnosed. Bush. 2015

Mast Cells and Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Pawankar .2005

Mouth breathing risk factor for asthma. Izuhara. 2017

Mouth breathing, asthma. Izuhara. 2016

Nasal allergen provocation induces asthma. Braunstahl. 2001

Normalizing CO 2 in chronic hyperventilation by means of a novel breathing mask_ a pilot study. Johansen. 2013

Physiotherapy breathing retraining for asthma. Bruton. 2018

Psychological Aspects of Asthma. Lehrer. 2002

Reduced nocturnal asthma by improved nasal breathing. Petruson. 1996

Regulation of ventilatory capacity – exercise in asthmatics. Johnson. 1995

Report of the 2003 British Thoracic Society Winter Meeting. Hurst. 2004

Respiratory muscle function in asthma – children. Osipiuk. 2014

Role of Free Radicals In Lung Injury. Brigham. 1986

Science in the practice of medicine. Roe. 1984

Statistical analysis – Buteyko trial. Bowler

Targeting pCO 2 in Asthma_ Pilot Evaluation of a Capnometry-Assisted Breathing Training. Meuret. 2007

Thickness of bronchial epithelial cells in lung diseases. Wantanabe 1997


Breathing Pattern Disorders

Breathing Pattern Disorders

Alvolar pressure breathing pattern. Gardner

BPD, motor control, and Low Back Pain. Chaitow. 2004

Breathing and temporomandibular joint disease. Bartley. 2010

Breathing as a Fundamental Rhythm of Brain Function. Heck

Breathing at low lung volumes and chest strapping. Comparison of lung mechanics. Douglas. 1981

Breathing pattern disorders & functional movement. Bradley. 2009

Breathing pattern disorders. Vidotto

Breathing pattern of restful and deep breathing. Malaütovaü

Can you diagnose hyperventilation. Warburton. 2006

Chronic hyperventilation treatment by physiotherapy. Cluff. 1984


Dysfunctional breathing a review of the literature. Boulding. 2016

Dysfunctional Breathing and Integrative approach. Courtney. 2016

Dysfunctional Breathing. Rosalba Courtney. Doctoral Thesis. 2011

Electrolyte Changes with Chronic Passive Hyperventilation in man. Brown. 1949

Extreme Hypocapnia in the Critically Ill Patient. Mazzara. 1974

Failure of perception of hypocapnia. King. 1990

HVS and Respiratory Alkalosis. Krapp. 1991

Hypernea, hyperventilation, brain dysfunction. February 1972 Annals of Internal Medicine

Hyperpnea, Hyperventilation and Brain Dysfunction. Plum. 1972

Hyperventilation -a therapist’s point of view_ discussion paper. King. 1988

Hyperventilation and asymptomatic chronic asthma. Osborne. 2000

Hyperventilation in the pathogenesis of central sleep apneas-patients with congestive heart failure. Naughton. 1993

Hyperventilation Syndrom. Brashear. 1983

Hyperventilation Syndrome-Diagnosis Begging for Recognition. Magarian. 1983

Hyperventilation syndrome, common expressions ofanxiety and stress. Magarian. 1982

Hyperventilation syndrome_ an elegant but scientifically untenable concept. Hornsveld. 1997

Hyperventilation syndrome. Selection of articles

Hyperventilation-Chronic and Acute. Waites. 1978

Hyperventilation, central autonomic control and colonictone inhumans. Ford. 1994

Hyperventilation_ the tip and the iceberg. Lum. 1975

Hyperventilation. 2007

Measures of dysfunctional breathing .Courtney

MRC breathlessness scale. Fletcher. 2008

Nasal congestion_ Our experience in 118 patients. Hanna. 2012

Neurological manifestations of the hyperventilation syndrome. Perkin. 1986

Nijmegen Questionnaire and dysfunctional breathing. VanDixhoorn. 2015

Pathophysiology of hyperventilation disorder. Gardner. 1996

Patients with acute hyperventilation presenting to an inner-city emergency department. Saisch. 1996

Patterns of breathing dysfunction and breathing disorders. Bradley

Physiological Effects of Hyperventilation. Brown. 1953

Postural control and ventilatory drive – hyperventilation and carbon dioxide rebreathing. David. 2011

Prevalence of dysfunctional breathing in patients treated for asthma in primary care. Thomas. 2001

Prevalence of Hyperventilation Syndrome in Patients Treated for Asthma. Martínez-Moragón. 2005

Protocol to identify individuals with dysfuntional breathing. Kiesel. 2017

Renal Involvement due to Deranged Calcium Metabolism. Akmal. 1990

Resting energy expenditure and oxygen cost of breathing in patients with cystic fibrosis. Bell. 1996

Standard vs modified postural drainage in infants and young children. Freitas. 2013

Study of a breathing therapy for hyperventilation syndrome. Grossman

Study on maximal exercise performance and relations with fatigue, impairment and physical activity. Bazelmans. 2001

Table of ventilation compiled by Artour

The chaotic behaviour of resting human respiration. Donaldson. 1992

The effects of hyperventilation variable to personality. Clark. 1982

The hazards of heavy breathing. Perera. 1988

The hyperventilation syndrome_ a syndrome under threat. Howell. 1997

The Hyperventilation Syndrome. Carryer

The Role of Autonomic Nervous System in Rapid Breathing Practices. Deepak

The Syndrome of Hyperventilation – Importance in Aviation. Hinshaw. 1941

The value of blowing up a balloon. Boyle. 2010

Ventilation with Lower Tidal Volumes as Compared with Traditional Tidal Volumes for Acute Lung Injury and the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Engl. 2000

Ventilatory drive voluntary hyperventilation. David. 2012

A Hyperventilation Theory of Job Stress and Musculoskeletal Disorders.Schleifer.2002

A study of anaerobic threshold in chronic fatigue syndrome. Nixon. 1996

Altered breathing patterns during lumbopelvic motor control tests in chronic low back pain. Roussel.2009

Breathing abnormalities in children with breathlessness. Groot.2011

Hyperventilation syndrome in children. Baranes.2005

Idiopathic pain disorders – pathways of vulnerability. Diatchenko.2006

Impaired Postural Control of the Lumbar Spine Is Associated With Delayed Muscle Response Times in Patients With Chronic Idiopathic Low Back Pain. Radebold.2001

Influence of moderate and profound hyperventilation on cerebral blood flow C oxygenation and metabolism. Clausen.2004

Pain and motor control of the lumbopelvic region A effect and possible mechanisms. Hodges.2003

Breath hold time

Breath hold time as a determinant of breathing pattern disorders. Kiesel

Breath hold time as test of hypercapnia. Stanley. 1975

Breath hold time shortened at high altitiude. Nakashima

Breath hold time sleep apnoea. Taskar. Chest

Breath holding after breathing of oxygen. Klocke

breath holding during muscular exercise. Astrand

Breath holding increases Nitric Oxide. Theunissen

Breath holding limits. Parkes. 2012

Breath Holding Test May Noninvasively Reveal Early Lung Abnormalities. Inoue

Breath-holding and its breakpoint. Parkes

Breath-Holding in Healthy and Pulmonaryl Compromised Populations. Effects of Hyperventilation and Oqgen Inspiration. Marks

Breath-holding in Panic Disorder. Zandbergen

Breath-holding test in evaluation of peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity in healthy subjects. Nikita

Breath-holding test near fatal asthma dyspnea perception. Nannini. 2007

Breath-Holding Time-Patients with Obstructive Ventilatory Defects and Normal Controls. Viecili. 2012

Breath‐holding as a means to estimate the loop gain contribution to OSA. Messineo. 2018

Bronchodilator effect-patients with obstructive lung disease. Viecili. 2011

Changes in the period of no respiratory sensation and total breath-holding time. Nishino. 1996

Peripheral ventilatory response to CO2 in heart failure patients. Reliability of the single breath test. Maestri. 2013

Relief of the ‘air hunger’ – a role for pulmonary stretch receptors. Flume. 1996

Reproducibility and comparability of tests – peripheral chemoreflex. Chua. 1995

Simple tests of physical efficiency. Flack. 1919

Single-breath breath-holding estimate of pulmonary blood flow in man. Kendrick. 1988

Suffocation and respiratory responses to carbon dioxide and breath holding challenges. Rassovsky. 2006

The effect of breath holding on nasal membrane shrinkage. Takahashi. 1998

The ins and outs of breath holding. Skow. 2015

Carbon dioixde

A quantitative description of the pattern of breathing during steady-state CO2 inhalation in man. Cunningham. 1977

Better Chemistry Through Breathing. Gilbert. 2005

Cancer research. Lattenstein


Carbon dioxide Bohr Effect. Sakai. 2011

Carbon Dioxide May Improve Vision in AMD Patients. Roberts. 2002

Carbon dioxide prevents muscle atrophy. Nishimoto 2017

Carbon Dioxide_ One of Life’s most Essential Nutrients – part 2

Carbon Dioxide. Henderson

Carbonated drinking water for improvement of eggshell quality of laying hens. Koelkebeck. 1992

Cerbral blood flow reduction to carbon dioxide. Wasserman. 1961

Changes in PH Response to CO, after Prolonged Hypoxic Hyperventilation. Brown 1953

Changes in response to inhalation of CO2 before and after 24 hours hyperventilation in man. Brown 1948

CP, high and high CO2 in blood and low alveolare CO2

End-tidal CO2 measurements – indicator of outcome in cardiac arrest. Ahrens. 2001

Extreme Hypocapnia in the Critically Ill Patient. Mazzara. 1974

Failure of perception of hypocapnia. King. 1990

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Regional Cerebral Blood Oxygenation. Kastrup. 1988

Health information from natural solutions radio – sodium bicarbonate and CO2. 2008

Hyperoxic Brain Effects Are Normalized by Addition of CO2. Macey. 2007

Hypocapnia. Laffey, Kavanagh 2002

Hypocapnic alkalosis on limb blood vessels in dogs. Kontos 1972

Noninvasive Monitoring of CO2 During Respiratory Failure in Toddlers and Infants. Tobias. 1997

Sodium Bicarbonate and Carbon Dioxide

Strengths, Weaknesses, and Possibilities of the Buteyko Breathing Method. Courtney. 2008

Buteyko Article Collection

Buteyko Trials

Astımlı Bireylerde Buteyko Solunum Tekniği. Beyece İncazlı. 2019

A Clinical Trial of the Buteyko Breathing Technique in Asthma as Taught by a Video. Opat. 2000

A Study of effects of Buteyko Breathing Technique on Asthmatic Patients. Ravinder. 2012

Assessing the role of chronic hyperventilation in patients with nasal congestion. Hanna. 2012

Breathing exercises and asthma. Thomas

Breathing exercises for asthma_ a randomised controlled trial. Thomas. 2009

Breathing exercises for asthma. Thomas. 2014

Breathing Re – Education in Asthma_ an Efficacious Adjunct. McKeown

Breathing therapies and bronchodilator use in asthma. Bruton. 2006

British Guideline on the Management of Asthma

Buteyko Breathing Technique for asthma an effective. New Zealand. McHugh 2003

Buteyko Breathing Technique Reduces Hyperventilation. Austin. 2009

Buteyko breathing technique versus incentive spirometer. Elsayed. 2016

Buteyko breathing techniques in asthma_ a blinded randomised controlled trial. Bowler. 1998

Buteyko Calgary Hospital trial. Cowie. 2008

Buteyko Children. McHugh. 2006

Buteyko Method For Children With Asthma And Mouth Breathing_ A Randomized Controlled Trial. Mendonca. 2017

Buteyko Systematic Review. Burgess 2011

Buteyko versus Diaphragmatic Breathing Indian Journal Physiotherapy. Gauri Mayank Afle. 2014

Comparison – effects of Buteyko and pranayama breathing techniques. Prem. 2012

Double blind randomised controlled trial of two different breathing techniques asthma. Slader. 2006

Effect Buteyko newly diagnosed asthma. Prasanna. 2015

Effect of Buteyko breathing technique on patients with bronchial asthma. Hassan. 2013

Effect of Buteyko Method on Asthma Control and Quality of Life of Filipino Adults with Bronchial Asthma. Villareal. 2014

Effect of mouth taping at night on asthma control – a randomised single-blind crossover study. Cooper. 2009

Effect of two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) in asthma. Cooper. 2003

Effectiveness of buteyko breathing technique on respiratory physiological parameters among patients with bronchial asthma. Huidrom. 2014

Efficacy of noninvasive respiratory techniques in the treatment of children with bronchial asthma. Elnaggar. 2016

Global Initiative for Asthma 2014 Report

Hypocapnia correction as a working mechanism for breathing retraining in asthma. Lapa Buteyko

Hypoventilation Training for Asthma. Meuret 2012

Integrated breathing and relaxation training (the Papworth method) for adults with asthma in primary care. Holloway. 2007

Investigating the claims of Konstantin Buteyko, M.D., Ph.D._ the relationship of breath holding time to end tidal CO2 and other proposed measures of dysfunctional breathing

New Zealand Medical Journal Physiology, pseudoscience, and Buteyko. Bartley. 2004

Normalizing CO2 in chronic hyperventilation by means of a novel breathing mask. Johansen. 2013

Prevalence of Hyperventilation Syndrome in Patients Treated for Asthma in a Pulmonology Clinic. Martínez-Moragón. 2005

Report of the 2003 british thoracic society winter meeting. Hurst. 2004

Role of buteyko breathing technique in asthmatics with nasal symptoms. Adelola. 2013

Statistical analysis – Buteyko trial. Bowler

Summary of Buteyko’s Theory on Asthma. Kolb. 2005

Targeting pCO 2 in Asthma_ Pilot Evaluation of a Capnometry-Assisted Breathing Training. Meuret. 2007

The Buteyko Method_ A Randomized Controlled Trial for use in Asthma Patients. Florendo. 2013

The effects of carbon dioxide on exercise-induced asthma_ an unlikely explanation for the effects of Buteyko breathing training. Al-Delaimy. 2001

The Relationship of Breath Holding Time to End Tidal CO2 and Other Proposed Measures of Dysfunctional Breathing

Trial of the Buteyko Breathing Technique in Asthma as Taught by a Video. Opat

Using Buteyko technique in respiratory care. Hambleton. 2013



Frequently Used Articles During Training

Frequently Used Articles During Training

Adenotonsillectomy outcomes in treatment of OSA in child…tacharjee. 2010.pdf

Adult obstructive slep apnoea. Jordan. 2014.pdf

Apnea-hypopnea event duration predicts mortality in men and women in the sleep heart health study. Butler. 2019.pdf

Association Between Breathing Route, Oxygen Desaturation, and Upper Airway Morphology. Hsu. 2020.pdf

Breath – holding as a means to estimate the loop gain contribu tion to OSA. Messineo. 2018.pdf

Breath-holding as a means to estimate the loop gain contribution to OSA. Messineo. 2018.pdf

Breathing Re-Education and Phenotypes of Sleep Apnea. McKeown. 2021.pdf

Concentration of carbon dioxide, interstital pH and synaptic transmission in hippocampal formation of the rat. Balestrino. 1988.pdf

Death, nasomaxillary complex, and sleep in young children. Guilleminault. 2012.pdf

Depression as a manifestation of OSA. Shoib. 2017.pdf

Development of screening protocol to identify individuals with dysfunctional breathing. Kiesel. 2017.pdf

Effects of Slow Deep Breathing at High Altitude on Oxygen Saturation. Bilo 2012.pdf

Establishment of nasal breathing the ultimate goal to secure adequate craniofacial and airway development in children. Guilleminault.2017.pdf

Establishment of nasal breathing to secure adequate craniofacialand airway development in children. Guilleminault. 2017.pdf

Increased risk of many early-life diseases after surgical removal of adenoids and tonsils in childhood. Byars. 2017.pdf

Mouth puffing phenomena of patients with OSA when mouth‑taped – part one. Jau. 2023.pdf

Mouth Puffing Phenomenon and Upper Airway Features May Be Used to Predict the Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea – part two. Jau. 2023 .pdf

Nasal pulmonary interactions. Bartley. 2013.pdf

Pediatric Sleep Disorders and Special Educational Need at 8 Years. Bonuck 2012.pdf

Personalized Management Approach for OSA. Carberry. 2017.pdf

Point Prevalence of the BiomechanicaDimension of Dysfunctional Breathing Patterns Among Competitive Athletes. Shimozawa. 2022.pdf

Protocol to identify individuals with dysfuntional breathing. Kiesel. 2017.pdf

Sleep Apnea Phenotyping: Implications for Dental Sleep Medicine. Carberry. 2019.pdf

Sleep Apnea Syndrome Due to Upper Airway Obstruction. Guilleminault. 1977.pdf

Sleep disruption in chronic rhinosinusitis. Mahdavinia. 2017.pdf

Targeting Endotypic Traits with Medications for the Pharmacological Treatment of OSA. Taranto-Montemuro. 2019.pdf

The effect of nasal polyposis related nasal obstruction on cognitive functions. Arslan. 2018.pdf

The Impact of Mouth-Taping in Mouth-Breathers with Mild OSA. Lee. 2022.pdf

Understanding Nasal Breathing The Key to Evaluating and Treating. Catalano 2018.pdf

Voluntary activation of the sympathetic nervous system and attenuation of the innate immune response in humans. Kox. 2014.pdf

Yoga, oxygen and respiration. Bernardi. 2011.pdf

Diabetes slow breathing


Nasal Breathing & Mouth Breathing

Craniofacial Changes from Nasal Obstruction

A lip seal study of Japanese children with malocclusion. Yata. 2001

Adenoid facies. 1978

Adenoid hypertrophy and open bite. 2011

Airway adequacy, head posture, and craniofacial morphology. Solow. 1984

Airway Centric-orthodontics ushers in the post-retraction world of orthodontics. Hang. 2016

Airways and Appliances. Moses. 1989

An Insight into Relationship of Hypertrophied Adenoids & Tonsils and Dentofacial Form. Kaur. 2014

Beautiful balanced faces. The first 9 years_ the most critical time. Tipton. 2006

Changes in Neuromuscular Patterns. Harvold

Craniofacial differences according to AHI scores of children with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome_ cephalometric study in 39 patients. Özdemir. 2004

Craniofacial growth in children with nasal septum deviation. D’Ascanio. 2010


Development and validation of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation Scale. Stewart. 2004

Influence of respiratory pattern on craniofacial growth. McNamara. 1981

Influences of lymphoid tissues on facial pattern 2014

Investigating the treatment of rhinitis in asthma using the Buteyko Method. Mckeown

Mandibular form and position related to changed mode of breathing. Kerr. 1989

Morphologic response to changes in neuromuscular patterns experimentally induced by altered modes of respiration. Vargervik. 1984

Mouth breathing – oral and medical conditions. Triana. 2016

Nasal obstruction – facial growth. Vig. 1998

Nasal Obstruction and Changes to Face. Miller. 1984

Nasal obstruction and facial growth_ The strength of evidence for clinical assumptions. W. L. Wig. 1998

Nose breathing for good health, fitness and correct craniofacial development. McKeown. 2013

Oral respiration_ facial maldevelopment and corrective dentofacial orthopedics. Subtelny. 1980

Orthodontics without extractions. 2007

Primate Experiments on Oral Respiration. Harvold

Psychometric validity of the 22 – item Sinonasal Outcome Test. Hopkins. 2009

Recognising oral breathing in children

Speed of growth – infancy and early childhood. Laowansiri. 2013

The aetiology of temporomandibular disorders_ a philosophical overview. Mew. 1997

The effect of sucking habits, cohort, sex, intercanine arch widths, and breast or bottle feeding Norwegian and Swedish 3-year-old children. Ogaard. 1994

The growth of the human face. Scott 1953

The influence of snoring, mouth breathing and apnoea on facial morphology in late childhood. Richmond. 2015

The long face syndrome and impairment of the nasopharyngeal airway. Tourne. 1990

the role of mouth breathing on dentition development and formation. Valcheva. 2018

Three-dimensional assessment of pharyngeal airway in nasal- and mouth-breathing children. Alves. 2011.pdf

Understanding Nasal Breathing The Key to Evaluating and Treating. Catalano 2018.pdf

Effects of Mouth Breathing

(R)evolutionary Health Care. Boyd. 2012

Abnormal Oral Respiration Affects Neonates’ Oral Competence and Systemic Adaptation. Trabalon. 2012

Body posture in mouth breathing children. Conti

Breast-feeding and oral habits in mouth and nose breathers. Vitaliano. 2005

Breathing in mouth breathing children. Brant

Breathing mode influence on craniofacial development. Chambi-Rocha

Bruxism in children with nasal obstruction. Grechi. 2007

Bruxism in children with nasal obstruction(1). Grechi. 2007

Cephalometric evaluation of the airway space and hyoid bone in children with normal and atypical deglutition. Machado. 2012

Characteristics of the stomatognathic system of mouth breathing children. Cattoni. 2007

Characterization of the voice of children with mouth breathing caused by four different etiologies. Arevalo. 2005

Cranio-facial changes and mouth breathing. McKeown

Cranio-facial morphology in children with and without enlarged tonsils. Behlfelt 1990

Decreased chewing activity during mouth breathing. Hsu. 2012

Deficits in working memory reading comprehension, arithmetic skills in children with mouth breathing syndrome. Kuroishi 2014

Effects of short term forced oral breathing. Padzys. 2011

EU Posisiton on Rhinosinusitis. Fokkens. 2012

Evaluation of the effect of rapid maxillary expansion on the respiratory pattern. Jorge 2010

Excursion of the diaphragm and curvatures of the spinal column in mouth breathing children. Yi. 2008

Guidelines for recognising mouth breathing in children. Pacheco 2015

Halitosis and mouth breathing in children. Motta. 2011

Impact of mouth breathing childhood. Milanesi 2011

Influence of demographic factors on oral breathing. Valdenice Aparecida de Menezes. 2007

It Takes a Mouth to Eat and a Nose to Breathe. Trabalon. 2012

MBS – Cervical muscles recruitment during nasal inspiration. Correa. 2008

Mouth breathing – pulmonary function and respiratory muscels. Veron. 2016

Mouth breathing and forward head posture_ effects in children. Okuro. 2011

Mouth breathing and its relationship to some oral and medical conditions. Triana. 2016

Mouth breathing children – lips and tongue tone and mobility. Marchesan. 2012

Mouth breathing children have cephalometric patterns similar to those of adult patients with OSA syndrome. Juliano. 2009

Mouth breathing in children with learning disorders. Fensterseifer. 2013


Mouth breathing versus nose breathing great studies

Mouth breathing, “nasal dis-use” and pediatric sleep-disordered-breathing. Lee. 2015

Mouth breathing_ Adverse effects on facial growth, health, academics, and behavior. Jefferson. 2010

Nasal nitric oxide in man. Lundberg. 1999

Open-Mouth Breathing Influence on Upper Airway Anatomy. Lee. 2007

Oral Breathing – treatment protocol. Denotti. 2014

Oral breathing and speech disorders in children. Hitos. 2013

Postural alterations – children with mouth breathing. Oliveira. 2004

Prevalence of malocclusion among mouth breathing children. Souki. 2009


Role of buteyko breathing technique-asthmatics with nasal symptoms. Adelola. 2013


Sternocleidomastoideus mouth versus nose. Ribeiro. 2002

The effect of sucking habits, cohort, breast and bottle. 0gaard. 1994

The negative effect of mouth breathing. Flutter. 2006

The Ortho. Missing link. Could it be tongue tie. Cockley. 2015

Three-dimensional assessment of PAS in nasal-and mouth-breathing children. Alves. 2011

Tongue pressure and mouth breathing in children. Azevedo

Variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children. Milanesi. 2018

Walk test and school performance in mouth-breathing children. Boas. 2013

Why is our jaws getting smaller and how does it affect attraction

Myofunctional Therapy

An electrophysiological study of the sequential water swallowing. Gürgör. 2013

Assessment of the differences in masticatory behavior between male and female adolescents. Scudine. 2016

Causal relationship between malocclusion and oral muscles dysfunction_ a model of approach. Saccomanno. 2012

Cephalometric evaluation of the airway space and hyoid bone in children with normal and atypical deglutition. Machado. 2012

Chewing, Biting, Clenching, Bruxing and Oral Health. Paskay. 2016

Childhood Sleep-Disorder Breathing_ A Dental Perspective. Boyd. 2013

Co-ordination of spontaneous swallowing with respiratory airflow and diaphragmatic and abdominal muscle activity in healthy adult humans. Hardemark Cedborg. 2009

Continuous positive airway pressure therapy in obstuctive sleep apnea_ benefits and alternatives. Cao. 2017

Critical role of myofascial reeducation in pediatric sleep-disordered breathing. Guilleminault. 2013

Effect of speech therapy as adjunct treatment to continuous positive airway pressure on the quality of life of patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Diaferia. 2013

Effects of one-week tongue-task training on sleep apnea severity_ A pilot study. Rousseau. 2015

Effects of oral motor exercises and laser therapy on chronic temporomandibular disorders_ a randomized study with follow-up. Machado. 2016

Effects of Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy on Temporomandibular Disorders. De Felicio. 2010

Effects of Oropharyngeal Exercises on Patients with Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Guimarães. 2009

European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012. Fokkens. 2012

Histological Characteristics of Altered Human Lingual Frenulum. Lopes de Castro Martinelli. 2014

Lingual Frenectomy_ functional evaluation and new therapeutical approach. Olivi. 2012

Neural Control of Tongue Movement With Respect To Respiration and Swallowing. Sawczuk. 2001

Orofacial dysfunction, open bite, and myofunctional therapy. Jónsson. 2016

Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs)_ Dx, Rx, Tx, & Px

Orofacial myofunctional disorders_ assessment, prevention and treatment. Paskay. 2012

Orofacial myofunctional disorders

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy_ Why Now_. Moeller. 2012

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Schindler. 2014

Orthodontics and sleep-disordered breathing. Guilleminault. 2011

Orthodontics and sleep-disordered breathing. Ruoff. 2011

Patients treated with orthodontic-myofunctional therapeutic protocol. Saccomanno. 2012

Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea and the critical role of oral-facial growth evidences. Huang. 2013

Phonoaudiological assessment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Diaféria. 2011

Relapse of anterior open bites treated with orthodontic appliances with and without orofacial myofunctional therapy. Smithpeter. 2010

Relation between maxillofacial form and respiratory disorders in children. Iwasaki. 2014

Short Lingual Frenulum and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children. Huang. 2015

Sleep Problems as Predictors in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder_ Causal Mechanisms, Consequences and Treatment. Um. 2017

Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrom. Guilleminault. 2013

Swallowing and respiratory pattern in young healthy individuals recorded with high temporal resolution. Boden. 2009

Sympathetic skin responses in adult humans during sequential swallowing. Arıcı. 2012

Teenage sleep-disordered breathing_ Recurrence of syndrome. Guilleminault. 2013

The effect of orofacial myofunctional treatment in children with anterior open bite and tongue dysfunction_ a pilot study. Van Dyck. 2016

The effects of oropharyngeal–lingual exercises in patients with primary snoring. Nemati. 2015

The emerging field of orofacial myofunctional therapy. Moeller. 2012

The mandible advancement may alter the coordination between breathing and the non-nutritive swallowing reflex. Ayuse. 2010

The role of oral soft tissues in swallowing function_ what can tongue pressure tell us_. Kieser. 2013

TMD_ the great controversy. Jenkins. 2014

Validity of the ‘protocol of oro-facial myofunctional evaluation with scores’ for young and adult subjects. De Felicio. 2012

Nitric Oxide

Chemical reaction keeps stroke-damaged brain from repairing itself

Evolution of exhaled nitric oxide levels-healthy humans. Jacinto. 2015

Humming Greatly Increases Nasal Nitric Oxide Weitzberg 2002

Improved Nasal Volume Utilizing Hyperosmotic Saline Xylitol Mixture. Olmos. 2019

Measurement of Nasal Nitric Oxide.Corbelli

Molecular and functional basis established for nitric oxide joining oxygen and carbon dioxide in respiratory cycle

Nasal nitric oxide and regulation of human pulmonary blood flow. Crespo. 2009

Nasal nitric oxide and regulation of human pulmonary blood flow. Lundberg 2010

Nasal Nitric Oxide in man. Lundberg. 1999

Nasal nitric oxide in sleep-disordered breathing in children. Gut. 2016

Nasal Nitric Oxide. Serrano. 2004

Nitric Oxide Accumulation in the Nonventilated Nasal Cavity. Chatkin

Nitric Oxide Can Alter Brain Function

Nitric Oxide in Health and Disease. Selimoglu.2005

Nitric Oxide in the Nasal Airway. Djupesland 2001

nitric oxide modulates pulmonary function in humans. Lundberg 1996

Nitric oxide pulmonary regulation. Crespo. 2009

Nitric Oxide Supplementation Treats Common Metabolic Disease

Nitric Oxide. 2015.docx

NO Humming Maniscalco. 2003

NO in exhaled air asthma.European Respiratory Journal

Production and absorption of nitric oxide gas in the nose. DuBois

Role of Nitric Oxide – Blood Pressure Fluctuations. Stauss. 2000

Role of nose breathing in genioglossus muscle response to hypoxia. Tafil-Klawe. 2003

The Paranasal Sinuses and a Unique Role in Airway Nitric Oxide Production.Cardell

Vascular Oxidative Stress and Nitric Oxide -Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis. Förstermann. 2017

Sleep Disordered Breathing

Sleep Medicine

Behavioural approaches to treating insomnia, snoring, and obstructive sleep apnoea

Childhood Sleep-Disorder Breathing_ A Dental Perspective. Boyd. 2014

Classification of Sleep-disordered Breathing. Hosselet. 2001

Control of breathing in obstructive sleep apnoea and in patients with the overlap syndrome. Radwan. 1995

Current hypopnea scoring criteria underscore pediatric sleep disordered breathing. Lin. 2011

Diet and Exercise Improve Chemoreflex Sensitivity in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Maki-Nunes. 2015

Hypocapnia Decreases the Amount of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep in Cats. Lovering. 2003

Impact of Impaired Nasal Breathing on Sleep-Disordered Breathing. Verse. 2003

Impact of sleep disordered breathing on behaviour among elementary school-aged children_ a cross-sectional analysis of a large community-based sample. Smith. 2016

Mouth breathing, “nasal disuse,” and pediatric sleep-disordered breathing. Lee. 2016

Nasal Involvement in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Michels. 2014

Partitioning of inhaled ventilation between the nasal and oral routes during sleep in normal subjects. Fitzpatrick. 2002

Pediatric Sleep Disorders and Special Educational Need at 8 Years_ A Population-Based Cohort Study. Bonuck. 2012

Results of an Overnight Pulse Oximetry Test

Risk Factors for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Children. Redline. 1999

Sleep Apnoea and Dysfunctional Breathing. Price

Sleep apnoea_ a survey of breathing retraining. Birch. 2012

Sleep disorders during pregnancy. Pien. 2004

Snoring In Pregnancy – Risks, Reasons & Remedies. Graham. 2016

Snoring In Pregnancy – Risks, Reasons & Remedies. Graham. 2016

Stabilising respiratory drive OSA. Xie. 2013

Surgical and Non Surgical Therapy of OSA in Children. Šujanská. 2014

The Claim_ Lying on Your Left Side Eases Heartburn. O’Connor. 2010

The Efficacy of a Chinstrap in Treating Sleep Disordered Breathing and Snoring. Bhat. 2014

The Efficacy of a Chinstrap in Treating sleep Disordered. Sushanth. 2014

The nose and OSA_ variable nasal obstruction may be more important in pathophysiology than fixed obstruction. McNicholas. 2008

The nose and sleep – disordered breathing. Rappai. 2003

The Nose and Sleep-Disordered Breathing. Pirsig. 2003

The Origin of Pharyngeal Obstruction during Sleep. Barsh. 1999

The pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea. Pham. 2015

Treatment of OSA. Deacon. 2015

Treatment of Severe OSA Syndrome with a Chinstrap. Vorona. 2007

Treatment Outcomes of Adenotonsillectomy for Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea_ A Prospective Longitudinal Study. Huang. 2014

Understanding phenotypes of OSA. Subramani. 2017

Use of POP for patients with mild 0SA and OMB during sleep. Tsung-Wei Huang. 2014

Ventilatory cycle measure, LG in CA in drivers in intermittent altitude. De Castro. 2017

Female Breathing

Sleep Apnea & Depression

Sleep Apnea & Depression

Changes in comorbidities and improvements in quality of life after LAP-BAND placement. Dixon. 2002

Changes in depressive symptoms after continuous positive airway pressure treatment for OSA. Means. 2003

Cognitive complaints in obstructive sleep apnea. Vaessen. 2015

Depression as a manifestation of OSA: reversal with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Millman. 1989

Depression, obstructive sleep apnea and psychosocial health. Jehan. 2017

Depression, physical activity, energy consumption, and quality of life in OSA patients before and after CPAP treatment. Diamanti. 2013

Does exercise improve self-reported sleep quality in non-remitted major depressive disorder?. Rethorst. 2013

Effect of obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis on health related quality of life. Isidoro. 2015

Evaluation of the risk factors of depressive disorders comorbid with obstructive sleep apnea. Cai. 2017

Examining the construct of depression in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Aloia. 2005

Fatigue in sleep apnea: The role of depressive symptoms and self-reported sleep quality. Stepnowsky. 2011

Neurocognitive function in patients with residual excessive sleepiness from obstructive sleep apnea: a prospective, controlled study. Werli. 2016

Obstructive sleep apnea: brain structural changes and neurocognitive function before and after treatment. Canessa. 2010

Obstructive sleep apnoea in adults. Usmani. 2012

Personality, anxiety and mood traits in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders: effect of reduced daytime alertness. Sforza. 2002

Prevalence and predisposing factors for depressive status in chinese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: a large-sample survey. Dai. 2016

Risk factors of OSA are prevalent in people with psychosis and correlate with impaired social functioning and poor physical health. Liu. 2016

The prevalence and predictors of obstructive sleep apnea in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Stubbs. 2016

The prevalence of depression among untreated obstructive sleep apnea patients using a standardized psychiatric interview. Björnsdóttir. 2016

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